Data Source on the Economics of Computing Resource Market

By , April 2, 2014 6:22 pm

This blog post is created to provide additional reference materials for “Infrastructure-as-a-Service from a Business and Energy Consumption Perspective“, an article authored by Qingye Jiang, Young Choon Lee, and Albert. Y. Zomaya at the School of Information Technologies in the University of Sydney.

A wide range of data sources are utilized to facilitate this research, including Gartner’s quarterly reports on worldwide server shipments, AWS official blog entries regarding price deduction and resource usage, Rackspace’s annual financial reports, performance and power consumption parameters from the Top500 supercomputer list, as well as some other web pages and public accessible presentations. The majority of these data sources are not in the form of a peer-reviewed academic article, but in the form of a public accessible URL. Since the amount of URL’s to be referred to would overwhelm the limited references list, we created this dedicated blog entry, with links to all the data sources being used in this article. The authors will also update this blog entry as new data source related to the topic becomes available, which will be helpful for further researches on similar subjects.

[Gartner Quarterly Report on Worldwide Server Shipments]

2006-Q1:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/493001

2006-Q2:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/495891

2006-Q3:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/498468

2006-Q4:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/501405

2007-Q1:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/506336

2007-Q2:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/513509

2007-Q3:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/550315

2007-Q4:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/608710

2008-Q1:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/713321

2008-Q2:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/745516

2008-Q3:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/823712

2008-Q4:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/905914

2009-Q1:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/1000326

2009-Q2:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/1161313

2009-Q3:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/1238521

2009-Q4:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/1307717

2010-Q1:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/1375038

2010-Q2:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/1426834

2010-Q3:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/1479923

2010-Q4:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/1561014

2011-Q1:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/1700715

2011-Q2:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/1776714

2011-Q3:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/1859415

2011-Q4:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/1935717

2012-Q1:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2031115

2012-Q2:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2139315

2012-Q3:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2254815

2012-Q4:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2351518

2013-Q1:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2497015

2013-Q2:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2580515

2013-Q3:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2632515

2013-Q4:

http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2671315

[AWS Price Deduction History, S3 Growth, and EC2 Server Growth]

2008-10-09

http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2008/09/new-release-of.html

2009-10-27

http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2009/10/amazon-ec2-now-an-even-better-value.html

2009-12-08

http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2009/12/aws-price-reductions.html

2010-11-01

http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2010/11/what-can-i-say-another-amazon-s3-price-reduction.html

2012-02-06

http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2012/02/amazon-s3-price-reduction.html

2012-03-05

http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2012/03/dropping-prices-again-ec2-rds-emr-and-elasticache.html

2012-10-31

http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2012/10/new-ec2-second-generation-standard-instances-and-price-reductions-1.html

2012-11-29

http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2012/11/amazon-s3-price-reduction-december-1-2012.html

2013-02-01

http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2013/02/ec2s-m3-global-reduced-ec2-bandwidth.html

2013-11-05

http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2013/11/prices-reduced-for-ec2s-m3-second-generation-standard-instances.html

2014-01-21

http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2014/01/aws-update-new-m3-features-reduced-ebs-prices-reduced-s3-prices.html

2012-04-05

http://aws.typepad.com/aws/2012/04/amazon-s3-905-billion-objects-and-650000-requestssecond.html

2013-04-18

http://gigaom.com/2013/04/18/amazon-s3-goes-exponential-now-stores-2-trillion-objects/

[Rackspace Financial and Server Data]

2009:

http://www.getfilings.com/sec-filings/100226/RACKSPACE-HOSTING-INC_10-K/

2011:

http://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1107694/000110769412000010/rax1231201110-k.htm

2012:

http://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1112920/000119312513132408/d446382d10k.htm

2013:

http://biz.yahoo.com/e/140303/rax10-k.html

[SoftLayer Financial and Server Data]

SoftLayer Company Overview (2009.12):

SoftLayer Media Kit (2009 Q1)

SoftLayer Presentation for Telx Cbx (2010.06)

SoftLayer Presentation at Stifel Nicolaus Event (2011.02)

SoftLayer Presentation (2012.06)

[CERN Computing Center and LHC Grid]

CERN Agile Infrastructure – Road to Production

CERN Infrastructure Evolution V2

OpenStack in Production

http://openstack-in-production.blogspot.ch/2013/09/a-tale-of-3-openstack-clouds-50000.html

Operating Dedicated Data Centers – Is It Cost-Effective?

http://indico.cern.ch/event/247864/material/slides/0?contribId=60&sessionId=1

[NASA JPL]

Making IT Rain with Cloud Computing

[Estimations on the Size of AWS]

http://www.cloudscaling.com/blog/cloud-computing/amazons-ec2-generating-220m-annually/

http://huanliu.wordpress.com/2012/03/13/amazon-data-center-size/

[Supercomputer Performance and Power Consumption]

CDC 6600

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CDC_6600

CDC 7600

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CDC_7600

Cray 1

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cray-1

GF11

http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=327139

Cray 2

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cray-2

Numerical Wind Tunnel

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Numerical_Wind_Tunnel_(Japan)

ASCI Red

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ASCI_Red

ASCI White

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ASCI_White

ASCI Q

http://top500.org/system/6359

Earth Simulator

http://www.top500.org/system/167148

BlueGene/L

http://www.top500.org/system/175171

JUGENE (BlueGene/P)

http://www.top500.org/system/176321

Cray XT5

http://www.top500.org/system/176208

Jaguar (XT5)

http://www.top500.org/system/176544

Tianhe-1A

http://www.top500.org/system/176929

K Computer

http://www.top500.org/system/177232

Titan (XK7)

http://www.top500.org/system/177975

Tianhe-2

http://www.top500.org/system/177999

 

[Hosting Companies]

http://www.netcraft.com/internet-data-mining/hosting-provider-server-count/

cc-top-hosters-2012-preview-3

http://www.datacenterknowledge.com/archives/2009/05/14/whos-got-the-most-web-servers/

OVH: 150,000

SoftLayer: 100,000

1&1 Internet: > 70,000

LeaseWeb: 36,000 (2011)

Intergenia: 40,000

 

IBM sold server business to Lenovo.

https://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/43016.wss

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